Download Ancient Rome: From Romulus and Remus to the Visigoth by Kathleen Kuiper PDF

By Kathleen Kuiper

Echoes of historic Roman strategies of governance, legislations, and society nonetheless ring during the global this day. A stranger to neither battle nor wealth, old Rome was once formed as a lot via strife because it used to be through prosperity. the growth of the Roman Empire used to be buoyed through this cultures tendency to embody traditions of its newly assimilated peoples, making Rome a cradle of unending and enduring probabilities. The historical past of a very good empire is acknowledged during this sweeping quantity.

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Additional info for Ancient Rome: From Romulus and Remus to the Visigoth Invasion (The Britannica Guide to Ancient Civilizations)

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The process of expansion is well illustrated by innovations in Roman private law about 300 BC. Since legal business could be conducted only on certain days (dies fasti), knowledge of the calendar was important for litigation. In early times the rex sacrorum at the beginning of each month orally proclaimed in Rome before the assembled people the official calendar for that month. Though suited for a small agricultural community, this parochial procedure became increasingly unsuitable as Roman territory grew and more citizens lived farther from Rome.

Then Lucius Mummius Archaicus, consul of 146, took over the command and defeated Diaeus and the remaining Achaeans. The Senate ordered Mummius to teach a lesson to the Greeks: the venerable city of Corinth was sacked, its treasures taken to Rome, and its buildings burned to the ground. The nature of Roman domination in the East began to change decisively after these wars: in place of influence through embassies, arbitration of disputes, and the occasional military incursion came direct rule. Macedonia was annexed as a province, to be governed and taxed by a Roman proconsul, who also watched over the Greek cities to the south, where the leagues were disbanded.

Roman historians modeled their description of the war’s beginning on the Greek historian Thucydides’ account of the outbreak of the Peloponnesian War between Athens and Sparta. Nevertheless, they were probably correct in stating that the Campanians, when fighting over the town of Capua with the Samnites, allied themselves with Rome in order to utilize its might to settle the quarrel. If so, this may have been the first of many instances 36 | Ancient Rome: From Romulus and Remus to the Visigoth Invasion in which Rome went to war after being invited into an alliance by a weaker state already at war.

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