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In 1977, new regulations on the thermal insulation of buildings came into force. 5. 0 Regulations also specify the windows on each storey should be no larger than 15 per cent of the floor area. This perscriptive code is augmented by a provision based on the performance of the building as a whole. Different U values and glazing areas are permitted so long as the heat losses are no larger than they would be if the building were designed according to prescribed values. The Heating Supply Act of 1979 divides the country into regions by type of heating.

Potential energy savings vary from one country to another depending on the fuel mix, the turnover of the building stock, pattern of end-uses, population growth and other factors. Nevertheless, savings of between one-quarter and one-fifth of the energy needed for buildings by the year 2000 could be achieved in all countries by narrowing the gap between the different levels of energy efficiency. For example, the Conservation Case is based on all countries making greater use of combined heat and power systems which are already extensively used in Eastern Europe.

Measures are proposed for building thermal insulation, windows, ventilation, hot water supply and building main­ tenance. These are to be put into practice for existing buildings by 1985 along with techniques for measuring heat and hot water consumption, the installation of heat pumps and the use of solar energy. Denmark's energy conservation programme is aimed mainly at heating and transport. Energy consumption patterns are taken into account. In housing, for instance, legislation recognises that energy consumption for heating depends on the occupants, the size and type of dwelling and heating appliances.

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