By A. B. Bosworth
During this learn, Bosworth seems at Alexander the Great's actions in primary Asia and Pakistan, drawing a bleak photo of bloodbath and repression reminiscent of the Spanish conquest of Mexico. He investigates the evolution of Alexander's perspectives of empire and inspiration of common monarch, and records the illustration of Alexander through historians of antiquity. The ebook is directed to experts and basic readers alike.
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Additional resources for Alexander and the East: The Tragedy of Triumph
In the face of this dilemma the standard reaction has been to adopt some variant of Arrian's second principle of selection, the explanation of his choice of Ptolemy as his primary source: he was not merely a participant but a king, and 'it would have been more disgraceful for him to lie than for anybody else'. Arrian does not go so far as to claim that there were no lies in Ptolemy (and he is occasionally uncomfortable with what he reports),8 but he certainly implies that Ptolemy's account was the most truthful.
222); even Tarn (AI. ii. 71), who denied Cleitarchus' authorship,, ascribed the material to contemporary recollections, his infamous 'mercenaries' source'. 8 At 4. 12. 7 he is carefully noncommittal about Callisthenes' involvement in the Pages' Conspiracy, implicitly rejecting Ptolemy's (and Aristobulus') bold assertion that he was the instigator (Arr. 4. 14. 1 = FGrH 135 F 16; cf. Bosworth, HCA ii. 90), and at 4. 14. 3 he complains about the conflict between Ptolemy and Aristobulus on a matter as notorious as the death of Callisthenes.
4. 3. 22; Curl. 8. 14. 17. On the direction of Coenus' movement, behindthe Indian line, see Hamilton, JHS 76 (1956) 29-30; A. M. Devine, AncW 16 (1987) 104-5; contra G. Veith, Klio 8 (1908) 137. 46 Arr. 5. 17. 2: 'they were dashed back towards the elephants, who served, as it were, as a friendly, fortification'. The situation, and the language, is reminiscent of Thucydides' description of the Athenians at Syracuse (Thuc. 7. 6. 3). Other sources describe the Indian line as the equivalent of a fortified city wall, the infantry representing the curtain wall and the elephants the towers (Diod.