By Ive Marx
Social scientists, politicians, and economists have lately been interested by the concept the complex welfare states of Europe face a “New Social Question.” The center proposal is that the transition from an commercial to a postindustrial atmosphere has introduced with it a complete new set of social hazards, constraints, and trade-offs, which necessitate radical recalibration of social defense platforms. a brand new Social query? analyzes that question extensive, with specific realization to the matter of source of revenue defense and the problems dealing with Bismarckian welfare states. will probably be valuable analyzing for an individual drawn to realizing the way forward for eu social policy.About the AuthorIve Marx is examine fellow on the Centre for Social coverage on the collage of Antwerp, Belgium. [C:\Users\Microsoft\Documents\Calibre Library]
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Additional resources for A New Social Question?: On Minimum Income Protection in the Postindustrial Era
As Atkinson (1987) and Foster and Shorrocks (1988) emphasise, this still allows for a diversity of possible judgements about the specification of the poverty line and choice of poverty measure. However, the most common approach is to use relative income poverty lines, derived as proportions of mean or median household income. This is the approach employed inter alia in recent studies for the European Commission, Eurostat and the oecd and in cross-country comparisons based on the Luxembourg Income Study data.
While there can be no question that single-adult households, particularly singleparent households, are more vulnerable, the rises in pre-tax/transfer poverty are found across all household types, including double-adult households with and without children. Fourth, as one would expect, pre-tax/transfer poverty rates are especially high for non-working households. But they are also significant for working households, and in countries like Canada, the United States and even Sweden, they make up a larger share of the pre-tax/transfer poor population (at working age) than the non-working households.
This is important, as the younger active generation is much more skilled than the previous generation. In other words, age plays a significant role in the observed trends. Moreover, in the present discourse, concern is focused mainly on the younger lowskilled. It is often argued that the enormous increase in schooling levels over the past decades has resulted in a deflation of the value of degrees and in the low-skilled being pushed out of the labour market. This trend is said to have been to the detriment mainly of those who have had to acquire a position on the labour market in the past 20 years.