By Ian D. Armour
A heritage of jap Europe 1740-1918: Empires, countries and Modernisation offers a complete, authoritative account of the zone in the course of a stricken interval that accomplished with the 1st global conflict. Ian Armour makes a speciality of the 3 significant issues that experience outlined jap Europe within the smooth interval - empire, nationhood and modernisation - when chronologically tracing the emergence of jap Europe as a different thought and position. specific insurance is given to the Habsburg, Ottoman, German and Russian Empires that struggled for dominance in this time.
In this fascinating re-creation, Ian Armour accommodates findings from new learn into the character and origins of nationalism and the makes an attempt of supranational states to generate dynastic loyalties in addition to options of empire. Armours insightful advisor to early jap Europe considers the $64000 figures and governments, analyses the numerous occasions and discusses the socio-economic and cultural advancements which are an important to a rounded knowing of the quarter in that era.
Features of this new version include:
- an absolutely up to date and enlarged bibliography and notes
- 8 worthwhile maps
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Additional info for A History of Eastern Europe 1740-1918: Empires, Nations and Modernisation
This subordinate status, as a source of taxable revenue for the monarch rather than an urban power, was still a characteristic of the royal towns of these kingdoms. In addition, in all these states there were private as opposed to royal towns, built on the estates of noble landowners or the Church, and even less encouraged to develop a separate corporate identity. In the Russian Empire, again with the partial exception of the Baltic provinces, towns were if anything even less regarded, having virtually no municipal autonomy.
No attempt to explain the class structure of Eastern Europe in this period would make sense without an appreciation of the overwhelmingly agrarian nature of the societies in question. Towns in this environment were small islands in a sea of countryside. 1 It was rather the pattern and speed of urbanisation, and the relatively greater number of towns in Western and especially north-western Europe, which made Eastern Europe seem backward by comparison. 6 But the majority of towns remained stagnant economically, for reasons which were largely negative.
For the next century and a quarter, the three conservative empires of Eastern Europe would have a common interest in repressing any signs of a Polish revival, but they also acquired common boundaries with each other, a new source of friction. The final cause of conflict was the rise of Prussian power. This was founded on Prussia’s internal strengths in an economic and hence military sense; it was also driven by a conscious ambition to expand and round out the territory of the Prussian state. Expansion implied designs against the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth; it was also directed against the Habsburg Monarchy, and ultimately it assumed a greater role for Prussia within the Holy Roman Empire.